Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants
Solar power continues to become a very important contributor for meeting energy needs worldwide. WGGO hopes to promote universal energy access, accelerate improvements in energy efficiency, and double the global share of renewable energy by 2030.
Photovoltaic (PV) cells convert solar radiation directly into electricity through the photovoltaic effect in a silent and clean process that requires no moving parts. The PV effect occurs when solar radiation from the sun hits a semiconductor in PV cells, generating electron movement. The electron movement generates energy that is converted to DC electricity. A PV power plant contains many PV cells connected together in modules, and many modules connected together in strings to produce a substantial amount of DC electricity to meet local and regional energy demand.
- Optimum power plant design
- Project implementation including permits and licensing, selection and contracting of engineers, finding a procurement and construction (EPC) company, power plant construction, and operations and maintenance (O&M).
- Commercial and financing aspects.
- Land. Access to land is also a basic requirement for project development. Project land must be purchased or leased for longer than the debt coverage period; a minimum of 15–20 years is desirable, although a 40–50 year lease is often signed.
- Permits and agreements usually take very long and differs from country to country. Land lease agreement, Site access permit, Building permits, Environmental permit, Grid connection agreement and Operator/generation license.
- Investment and funding requirements and the investment concept. This should include equity contribution amounts and sources, equity partner requirements and financing assumptions to be included in a financial model. A project structure and risk-mitigation strategy. In many emerging markets, to make a project “bankable” (i.e., able to attract reasonably priced debt financing) it is typically necessary to secure credit enhancements, which can be either private (donation, letters of credit, escrow accounts) or governmental (sovereign guarantees).
- PV technologies: Crystalline silicon (c-Si), thin-film, amorphous silicon (a-Si), cadmium telluride (CdTe), copper Indium selenide (CIS), copper indium (Gallium) di-selenide (CIGS/CIS), heterojunction with intrinsic thin-film layer (HIT).
- Taxation: The U.S. investment tax credit provides owners of a project with a 30 percent tax credit on the capital expenditure of a solar PV project to offset against their tax liabilities in the United States.
After successfully completing this project, benefits include:
- Promote the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency.
- Generate energy with no GHG emissions.
- Disconnect from the electrical grid.
- Use underutilized or degraded land.
- Prevent electricity loss.
- Improve energy and grid security.
- Create employment opportunities and economic growth.
- Provide access to a free source of energy.
Experts & Strategic Consultants
Lea Márquez Peterson
Member of the Committee,
Women & Energy Committee
Lea Márquez Peterson
Lea has been an entrepreneur in our community for many years and served as the President/ CEO of the Tucson Hispanic Chamber from 2009 until November of 2018. The Tucson Hispanic Chamber serves the business community in the bilingual, bi-cultural region of the Arizona-Sonora border and was recognized as the Hispanic Chamber of the Year in 2013 by the U.S Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. The chamber represents over 1800-member businesses and in partnership with the Arizona Chamber of Commerce and Industry is one of the largest chambers in the State of Arizona. She earned her Institute for Organizational Management designation from the U.S Chamber during her tenure.
She ran for Congress in Arizona Congressional District 2 in 2018 and won a competitive primary race. During her campaign she was endorsed by Governor Ducey, Senator Kyl, Congressman Kolbe and many local elected leaders. Though the general election results were disappointing, she enjoyed meeting thousands of people in the region and tackling many key issues impacting Arizona.
She previously served as the Executive Director for Greater Tucson Leadership (GTL) from 2005 to 2009 and owned and operated a Business Brokerage Firm from 2005 to 2009 and a chain of six gasoline stations / convenience stores with fifty employees from 1998 to 2005 in the Tucson region. Lea was appointed by Governor Doug Ducey to co-chair the Arizona Zanjeros (2015 – 2017), a business leadership group formed to ensure the state continues to flourish economically by driving business growth and promoting Arizona’s extraordinary assets. She was selected to serve on Governor Doug Ducey’s Transition Team in 2014 and co-chaired the subcommittee on Economic Development, Entrepreneurship and Trade. She has also been appointed to serve on the Arizona Judicial Council which advises the Arizona Supreme Court, and the Arizona Finance Authority, the state’s bonding authority.
She currently chairs the board of directors for Tenet-owned St Joseph’s and St Mary’s Hospitals and is the Chair of the SBA’s national Small Business Development Council. She is the Past President of the National Association of Women Business Owners in the greater Tucson area.
She formerly served on the Boards of the United States Hispanic Chamber, the Arizona Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and the University of Arizona Foundation. She formally served as the Chairwoman of the Southern Arizona Business Roundtable, the Past Chair of the Southern Arizona Chamber of Commerce Alliance, the Founder and Past Chair of the Pima County Small Business Commission, and as the Chairwoman of the University of Arizona Hispanic Advisory Council. She was appointed by the Obama Administration to the National Women’s Business Council where she served for three years.
Lea was recognized as a 2021 Most Influential Women in Arizona Business Award by AZ Big Media and received the 2021 Jack Jewett Award by Arizona Center for Civic Leadership. She was inducted into her high school alma mater Sabino High School’s Hall of Fame in 2021. Additionally, she was recognized by the National Football League with a 2015 Hispanic Heritage Award by the Arizona Cardinals, the University of Arizona Eller College with a 2014 Extraordinary Woman in Business award, the University of Arizona Alumni Association with the 2012 Distinguished Citizen Award, the 2011 State of Arizona Minority Business Advocate of the Year, the 2009 Rising Star by the Hispanic Professional Action Committee, the 2008 Business Advocate of the Year by MED Week, a 2007 Woman of Influence by Inside Tucson Business, was recognized as a 40 under 40 recipient and honored with a University of Arizona Entrepreneurial Fellow award. In addition, she is a Flinn Brown Fellow and an Honorary Rotarian.
She received her undergraduate degrees in Marketing and Entrepreneurship from the University of Arizona, and her Masters in Business Administration from Pepperdine University. She is married with two children.
Smart Cities Committee
Mr. Silva was a Senior Advisor and manager of compliance for Southern California Edison, a Fortune 250 company with 25+ years of combined operational, external and public affairs, community relations, and project management experience.
Leadership track record as a top manager change agent and industry thought leader in mission critical roles. Strategy driven; proven thought and inspirational leader within demanding, fast paced environments. Exceptionally motivated with unwavering commitment to mission and team while advancing strategic relationships and meeting corporate goals. Superior communication skills; motivational and keynote speaker with experience in International affairs.
Mr. Silva has extensive background and relations with business executives, industry leaders and elected officials from all branches of government. With this experience, communication skills and personal relationships, he was a welcome addition to the Department of Energy, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity as the newest Senior Advisor to help manage and execute the Workforce Development Pillar of the Initiative ‘Equity in Energy’. His wealth of experience provided valuable insight to the many opportunities to help shape and build upon the program and the challenges ahead.
Currently serves as a Board member of the Hispanic 100, International Visitor Council of Los Angeles, and recently served 10 years as a Governor Appointee to the Professional Engineer and Land Surveyor Commission. The prestigious leadership program, ‘the White House Fellows program’, Jerry served for over 10 years as a regional judge and chair for the LA panel. Jerry was born and raised in the San Gabriel Valley region, attended Rosemead High School, earning his degrees from Rio Hondo College and the University of La Verne.
Mr. Silva was intimately involved with the restructuring of the energy industry meeting with State Wide legislators to support legislation changing the industry. He led direct initiatives to engage employees, retirees and community organizations to serve as advocates on behalf of SCE legislation. Mr. Silva also served as the Senior Project Manager securing licenses and permits from federal, statewide, and county agencies for the largest renewal project from Nevada and California. Mr. Silva has been recognized by many organizations for his public affairs and community outreach, advocacy programs and the renewable project completed at the Nevada/California state line.